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Indian Ocean 2004
Dec-26-2004-Indonesia-map
Date (local) December 26, 2004, 07:58
Magnitude 9.3 Mw
Depth: 30 km
Epicenter location near the northwestern tip of Sumatra
Tsunami: yes
Casualties: ca. 185,000 confirmed dead, 125,000 injured, 45,000 missing

On Sunday, December 26, 2004, at 7:58 AM local time (00:58 UTC), an earthquake with a magnitude of 9.3 (according to USGS 9.1) occurred in the Indian Ocean, with the epicenter located 250 kilometers southsoutheast of Banda Aceh, Sumatra island, Indonesia. The earthquake and the resulting tsunami killed estimated 230,000 people in Indonesia (167,736), Sri Lanka (21,411), India (18,045), Thailand (8,212), Burma (ca. 400-600), Somalia (289), Maldives (108), Malaysia (75), Tanzania (13), Seychelles (3), Bangladesh (2), South Africa (2), Yemen (2) and Kenya (1). 125,000 people were injured, around 1.7 million lost their homes. The Boxing Day Earthquake belongs to the deadliest seismic events ever recorded.

The place where the earthquake hit is on a subduction zone where the Indian plate dives under the Burma plate. The the whole subduction zone of these two plates with a length of about 1000 kilometers was ruptured during the quake.

Significant shocks Edit

Only shocks with a magnitude equal to or higher than 6.0 are listed. The main shock is colored in green. The earthquake of March 28, 2005 with a magnitude of 8.6 and subsequent aftershocks of this event are also considered to be aftershocks of the December 26, 2004, earthquake.

Date Time (UTC) Magnitude Epicenter Depth (km) Additional information
26 Dec 00:58:53 9.3 3.32°N, 95.85°E 30 tsunami of up to 30 meters height (Sumatra) recorded all around the Indian Ocean with casualties as far away as South Africa
26 Dec 01:21:20 6.1 6.34°N, 93.36°E 30
26 Dec 01:22:25 6.0 7.42°N, 93.99°E 30
26 Dec 01:25:48 6.1 5.50°N, 94.21°E 30
26 Dec 02:00:40 6.0 6.85°N, 94.67°E 30
26 Dec 04:21:29 7.2 6.91°N, 92.96°E 39
26 Dec 09:20:01 6.6 8.88°N, 92.38°E 16
26 Dec 10:19:31 6.3 13.46°N, 92.74°E 26
26 Dec 11:05:00 6.2 13.53°N, 92.84°E 13
26 Dec 15:06:33 6.0 3.65°N, 94.09°E 17
26 Dec 19:19:55 6.1 2.79°N, 94.16°E 30
27 Dec 09:39:06 6.1 5.35°N, 94.65°E 35
29 Dec 01:50:52 6.1 9.11°N, 93.76°E 8
29 Dec 05:56:47 6.2 8.79°N, 93.20°E 12
31 Dec 02:24:00 6.1 7.12°N, 92.53°E 14
31 Dec 12:04:57 6.0 6.20°N, 92.91°E 11
1 Jan 06:25:44 6.7 5.10°N, 92.30°E 11
1 Jan 19:08:07 6.1 7.34°N, 94.46°E 55
2 Jan 15:35:56 6.4 6.36°N, 92.79°E 30
4 Jan 09:13:12 6.1 10.67°N, 92.36°E 23
9 Jan 22:12:56 6.1 4.93°N, 95.11°E 40
24 Jan 04:16:47 6.3 7.33°N, 92.48°E 30
26 Jan 22:00:42 6.2 2.70°N, 94.60°E 22
5 Feb 04:03:13 6.0 2.26°N, 94.99°E 22
9 Feb 13:27:25 6.0 4.80°N, 95.12°E 44
26 Feb 12:56:52 6.8 2.91°N, 95.59°E 36
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The English Wikipedia has a Featured Article on 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which can be used to improve this article.

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